24시출장샵
  • 김제오창 마사지
  • 온라인카지노
  • 카지노사이트
  • 안동lovegom
  • 김제출장맛사지♝출장부르는법┚김제서울역 안마방(김제부산 안마방 추천)┷(김제아쿠아 마사지 젤)▐김제일산 안마방⇗김제아주동 마사지☎김제출장 모텔♪김제하동 안마방↳김제와이프 마사지

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    광주출장안마
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    김제출장맛사지☎예약♦김제서울역 안마방(김제진주시 안마방)↸(김제구글 재펜)✚김제경마 예상 지존 대회♨김제광주 모텔 추천❥김제청라 마사지▩김제사타구니 마사지◀김제당진 안마방

    The governments of more than 190 nations 남원아주동 마사지 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    김제출장맛사지↸예약금없는출장샵•김제서울역 안마방(김제대화역 마사지)♩(김제마사지 할인)☻김제안마방 가는법➳김제출장 마사지 후기↫김제목동 안마방➹김제안마방 파워배드╕김제종로 안마방

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    김제출장맛사지⇛출장부르는법┲김제서울역 안마방(김제척추 마사지)▪(김제출장마사지샵)┙김제홍콩 마사지キ김제여인숙 여자⇤김제산본 마사지エ김제모텔 전화•김제양산 안마방

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 수원출장안마 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    김제출장맛사지↘예약☊김제서울역 안마방(김제사상구 마사지)⇘(김제강남 안마방 가격)W김제서산 마사지╒김제턱근육 마사지☒김제하당 마사지⇜김제일본 안마방⇛김제군대 안마방

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 창원콜걸샵 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    김제출장맛사지╜예약금없는출장샵─김제서울역 안마방(김제림프 마사지 금기 사항)♩(김제거제도 여관)↠김제미시출장안마╤김제공항신도시 마사지╇김제요방형근 마사지➳김제천안안마♨김제이기광 안마방

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 서울출장안마 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    김제출장맛사지김제에이미 안마방

  • 진도오산 안마방
  • 김제안성 안마방
  • 김제출장맛사지
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    김제출장맛사지◤예약금없는출장샵┵김제서울역 안마방(김제카카오출장)♠(김제안마방 vs 오피)◇김제상남동 안마방╒김제안마방 오픈시간▥김제천안 조건 만남➻김제부산 여관 가격↨김제천안 마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 화순안마방 가는 법 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 천안출장샵 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    카지노사이트
    논산일본 av 마사지 카지노사이트 장흥서울 마사지
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 온라인카지노 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    김제출장맛사지♪예약금없는출장샵⇩김제서울역 안마방(김제배 마사지)♛(김제인천 안마방)♠김제동인천 마사지↪김제출장서비스ト김제중국 마사지 가격⇞김제미시출장안마▄김제충주 마사지

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 전주천안 마사지 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    김제출장맛사지⇋24시출장샵╩김제서울역 안마방(김제여주 모텔 추천)➴(김제안마방 위키)❄김제해피 오렌지 출장 샵◑김제흉부 마사지ニ김제부산 여관 가격┡김제출장 후기⇀김제안마방 황제의자

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 구미출장안마 .

    군산발안 모텔
    서울 안마방 신고 서울출장안마 단양범계 안마방
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    김제출장맛사지シ예약●김제서울역 안마방(김제세종 마사지)♛(김제철원 안마방)┥김제삼산동 출장╖김제일본 보빨ミ김제마사지방↕김제서양 안마방◎김제대천 안마방

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 창원출장안마 .

    김제출장맛사지░24시출장샵┇김제서울역 안마방(김제안마방 한국야동)☂(김제신도림 마사지)♬김제화성시 안마방☇김제모텔 tumblrφ김제목동 마사지┠김제모텔 아가씨☍김제태국 마사지 토렌트

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 부산출장샵 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 목포부산역 마사지 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    김제출장맛사지☯24시출장샵♔김제서울역 안마방(김제사당 안마방)╓(김제콜걸 후기)┷김제타이 마사지 꿀팁☜김제레이크호텔 마사지┯김제수원 출장⇛김제커플 마사지 tumblr↹김제허리 마사지

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    김제출장맛사지☇출장부르는법↺김제서울역 안마방(김제티켓 썰)⇁(김제마사지 물)⇍김제안마방 여자▨김제김천 안마방✍김제조루 안마방★김제양산 마사지⇞김제발바닥 마사지

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 장흥두정동 마사지 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 온라인카지노.xyz , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 전주출장샵 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 양주배 마사지 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 대전출장안마 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    김제출장맛사지☵출장부르는법█김제서울역 안마방(김제안동 안마방)▨(김제불알 마사지)•김제일산 모텔┪김제안성 안마방♠김제lovegom┩김제안마방 초이스┰김제홍방장 안마방

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 울산출장샵 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 광주출장안마 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 온라인카지노.xyz showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    김제출장맛사지↸예약금없는출장샵♚김제서울역 안마방(김제안마방 fc2)✓(김제울산 마사지)★김제[한국]새로운 안마방 아가씨.wmv.torrent↦김제김해 안마방↩김제제주시 연동 마사지♬김제모텔 걸➚김제동대구역 마사지

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    용인혼자 안마방
    군산출장샵 담양마사지 앱 원주출장샵
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    김제출장맛사지✣예약←김제서울역 안마방(김제태국 마사지 torrent)☻(김제새로운 안마방 아가씨)⇛김제태국 전통 마사지 단속ナ김제순천 타이 마사지™김제서현역 안마방┏김제안마방 아영이 토렌트⇘김제사가정 안마방

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.김제출장맛사지김제치앙마이 마사지⇡김제호치민 1군 마사지卐(김제영대 안마방)김제신림 마사지☃김제맹인 마사지⇚김제근육통 마사지§김제부산 모텔 촌❣카지노사이트예약김제신림 마사지☆김제사당 안마방┐〈김제정읍 안마방〉김제국 안마방 초이스♘김제서울 안마방 위치╇김제거제도 안마방●김제안산 줄리엣 마사지ワ김제출장맛사지김천신도림 마사지김제사상 안마방♮김제타이마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ☽〈김제태국 마사지 torrent〉김제안마방 찾기◄김제조치원 마사지┕김제서면 안마방╬김제마포 마사지イ김제야동 실제↩김제아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지☠【김제서울 조건 카톡】김제출장 보증금┤김제낙성대 안마방█김제태국 여행 마사지☁김제안마방 영어로☋김제태백 마사지ρ김제안마방 풀코스⇣「김제안마방 성병」김제홍대 안마방 위치┗김제성감 마사지★김제타이마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ↽김제하단 안마방ღ김제게이 마사지◈김제부산 안마방 추천◘﹝김제길동 마사지﹞김제발마사지❀김제의정부 모텔 추천⇄김제성장판 마사지▷김제마사지 크림⇁출장부르는법김천모텔 젤예약김제청주 마사지➶김제출장색시미녀언니♦【김제노원 마사지】김제안마방 도촬♣김제해피 출장╩김제부부 마사지✥김제마사지 자격증U김제출장맛사지김제출장맛사지천안출장안마김제대구 모텔 아가씨김제안마방 bj김제콜걸강추김제청도 마사지김제출장맛사지김제엄마와 딸 마사지▷김제마사지 볼☎(김제의정부 마사지)김제아다 안마방•김제미약 마사지☏김제야동 실제╯김제역곡 마사지☈경상북도안마방 모닝콜

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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